CURRICULUM VITAE – Robert Kirby, B.Sc., Ph.D., C.Geol., Dist.D.NE of ASCE, FGS
PERSONAL DETAILS – Date of birth: 26.9.42. Nationality: British.
- University of Liverpool, B.Sc., [Ord.] 1964.
- University of Liverpool, B.Sc., [Hons.] in Geology: Class 2:1 1965. [Special Honours course Sedimentology and Palaeontology].
- University of London, King’s College, Ph.D 1969.
The main progress has been in the discovery of oceanographic phenomena new to science and an increased understanding of the behaviour of sediments. These advances have been based on field experiments using new instruments and techniques developed by myself in conjunction with others. These new concepts have been successfully applied to various engineering problems.
In the port engineering field, Dr Kirby, accompanied by a small number of very expert colleagues, has developed and brought to commercial fruition two new Sediment Management Systems. He is the co-inventor of the Nautical Depth concept, as well as the continuous vertical gamma-transmissance, and later, towed undulating (Navitracker) profilers with which to measure this. Nautical depth is a concept applicable to fairway maintenance in high turbidity (fluid mud) systems. This initial concept must now be termed Passive Nautical Depth. It has been evaluated, ratified and promulgated world-wide by PIANC. Where applicable, for example, at Rotterdam/Europort (Holland), Zeebrugge (Belgium) and elsewhere it has resulted in major cost saving. In a new iteration, Dr Kirby has provided part of the science underpinning Active Nautical Depth, a method to further minimise maintenance dredging need and at the same time use the fluid mud cloud to decontaminate the sediment in situ. The prototype port for this is Emden in Germany. Dr Kirby is also the co-developer of a revolutionary patented technique for reducing eddy-induced siltation in the entrance to blind-ending basins in lower turbidity regimes. These Entrance Flow Optimisation Systems (EFOS) involve Sills and Current Deflecting Walls and, from European Union-funded generic research contracts and practical experience in tidal situations, have been found to reduce sediment input from all three of the principal mechanisms. Creation of a design protocol for these systems has also required development of dedicated design technologies, which themselves have a wider application outside the immediate port engineering field. There is now years of practical experience with these systems at the prototype test site, Hamburg in Germany. Their use is now spreading in the port industry, with further systems envisaged for Hamburg as well as for Antwerp and potentially Rotterdam/Europort, three of the top ten ports in the world. They also contribute in a major way to an important change in modern port design, namely replacing impounded with tidal basins at high tidal range and turbid ports, a trend arising from competitive pressure from the container shipping trade. Benefits from these systems span a broad spectrum of economic and environmental issues and involve extremely large sums of money.
Dr Kirby is a shareholder and director in Balticon International, a company using new types of highly mobile recycling plants to decontaminate waste terrestrial and marine mineral material. Following separation, a range of disposal options can be applied to the concentrated contaminants, whilst the primary minerals produced find a wide range of beneficial uses, for example in habitat creation or in manufactured products. This latter activity complements the two Sediment Management Systems.
In the coastal engineering field, Dr Kirby is the inventor of a patented self-sustaining soft sediment coast protection methodology, Tidal Flat Regeneration, which involves placing wave attenuators and muddy dredge material to alter whole mudshore cross-sectional profiles from low and concave, to high and convex shapes. Similarly he is the co-developer of a “top down model” or mudcoast management system, S-factor Analysis, which permits shore stability and erosion-potential to be quantified for the first time. Dr Kirby has proposed the Mehby Rule as a conceptual model for mudshores to stand alongside the accepted Bruun Rule for sandy shores. This encompasses and explains in summary form the contrasted behaviour of muddy and sandy foreshores.
Dr Kirby was Chairman of the PIANC MarCom Working Group 43 “Minimising Harbour Siltation” (MHS) which sought to evaluate and promote generic Sediment Management Systems around the world. The report was published in October 2008.
He is a founding member of the SICEM, the Sediment Innovation Centre in Emden, Germany, which aims to implement generic MHS technologies around the world with commercial links to Germany Belgium, France, Italy, Brazil, China and the USA.
Dr Kirby has written more than 60 reports and papers on the Severn Estuary (UK) and 15 papers on the Medway Estuary (UK), two eroding muddy coastal systems. He has been involved in every phase of Severn Tidal Power Barrage study of the modern era and supplied his scientific archive to facilitate progress with ongoing investigations.
1965-1968 London University Ph,D. student ‑ Cohesive sediment transport in Medway Estuary, Kent.
1968-1970 Continental Shelf Unit, Institute of Geological Sciences, Edinburgh – marine geologist and chiefly responsible for unconsolidated sediments. Field work involved marine geophysical surveys using CSP equipment (pinger, boomer, sparker, magnetometer, gravimeter) and geological sampling surveys (of rock and unconsolidated sediment).
Early equipment was primitive and Dr Kirby was responsible for the design of a new gravity corer and the first British vibrocorer (manufactured under licence by Aimers McLean Ltd). He introduced the first small remote control rock drilling equipment and was responsible for establishment of the I.G.S. sedimentology laboratory.
1970‑1984 Senior, later Principal, Scientific Officer, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Taunton. Leader of joint Anglo‑Dutch investigations of mobility of large sand waves in VLCC routes in Southern North Sea. Vibrocorer development continued and techniques devised for non‑destructive quality control of undisturbed core samples.
Established “Cohesive Sediment Mobility Project” aimed at understanding the fundamental physics governing the behaviour (erosion, transport, deposition and consolidation) of cohesive sediment based on field experiment. Responsible for leading sedimentological investigations as part of Cohesives Project in Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel (UK) and in Europort (Netherlands). Responsible for design of experiments and data processing. The main scientific achievement has been the recognition of vertical and horizontal discontinuities in the suspended solids field. Dr Kirby proposed the term LUTOCLINE to describe the vertical discontinuities. Lateral discontinuities are Suspended Sediment Fronts.
Further to identification of the lutocline phenomenon, together with a co-author he devised the first comprehensive mathematical quantification of the mechanisms of formation, stabilisation and dissipation of lutoclines. Lutocline physics is now a major topic of enquiry at many research institutes worldwide.
Requirements of high calibre experiments at sea led to the design of special items of equipment. These include:‑
‑ Backscatter Density Probe [Built at AERE Harwell]
– Transmission Density Probe [Built under licence at AERE Harwell]
– Vertical Profiling Array [for silt, temperature and salinity]
This fundamental research has led to the introduction of new technology and advice to the dredging and port industry as follows:‑
1974 – 1984 Adviser to Netherlands Government, Associated British Ports at Hull, Immingham and Port Talbot, to BP and Forth Ports Authority at Grangemouth and to Port of London Authority at Tilbury on mud surveying and dredging problems, especially the use of in situ density measuring devices to monitor the channels as an alternative to conventional echo sounder surveys. The concept of a “Nautical Depth” was devised (density 1.2) being the density horizon within mud layers above which VLCC’s can safely sail.
The equipment and technique have been adopted worldwide.
1982 Expert witness advice in court case concerning dispute over effects of capital dredging scheme on surrounding oyster beds in Loch Ryan, Scotland.
Other experience has been gained as follows:‑
1979 ‑ 1984 Project leader in investigation into mechanisms for incorporation of low level radioactive waste from Sellafield nuclear fuel reprocessing plant into Irish Sea sediments.
1976 – 1979 Member of ‘Panel on Geophysics of Estuaries’, Geophysics Study Committee, National Academy of Sciences, USA.
1973 ‑ 1984 Sediment Science Ltd. Joint designer of Scour Inhibitor system and other devices to resist scour around civil engineering structures.
1980 Sediment Science Ltd., Expert witness advice in court case involving grounding of M.V. ‘La Falda’ in soft mud area at Barranquilla, Columbia.
1984 – Present Independent Consultant to Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd. in the fields of marine sedimentology, dredging, oceanography, sedimentation engineering, coastal engineering and environmental research.
Designer of “Navitracker”, the first practical towed gamma‑transmission density profiling system to monitor the navigable depth in shipping channels 1984-1986. Commission from Baggerwerken De Cloedt SA., Brussels, Belgium.
Sediments Adviser and contractor to all phases of Severn tidal power barrage studies in the modern era, including “Cardiff-Weston” and “English Stones” alignments. Input has ranged from barrage construction method, construction sequence and orientation to modification to sediment regime during and following construction as well as, finally, determining the environmental consequences. Ditto for La Rance barrage, Brittany. 2007 – present: Adviser and contractor to DECC Severn Tidal Power Project.
Coastal Engineering consultant to Devon County Council in cases concerning alleged coast erosion arising from gravel removal from beach at Crow Point, Devon and alleged sand encroachment onto roadways from sand dunes at Instow, Devon.
Designer of new methodology for predicting alterations to tidal flat elevation and shape caused by engineering works and sea level rise. Inventor of Tidal Flat Regeneration concept. Full patent granted 1997.
Co‑designer of patented passive Current Deflection Wall technique to reduce silt deposition in harbour basins. Device successful in Hamburg and elsewhere.
Occasional visiting research fellow at Department of Civil & Coastal Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA. Consultant to South Florida Water Management District and St Johns River Water Management District, USA.
Provider of CIWEM course on sediment transport, coastal zone management and coastal structures. School of Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Bristol University.
Adviser and Expert Witness to Department of the Environment (Northern Ireland) in court case concerning alleged smothering of oyster beds by sediment released from a defoliated salt marsh. Largest claim for civil damages in a Northern Ireland Court.
Adviser to English Nature and to Institute for Terrestrial Ecology (NERC) on sediment related conservation issues.
Adviser to Geotechnical Engineering Office, Government of Hong Kong on fine sediment problems arising from new airport at Chek Lap Kok, and other major projects. 600 million tonnes of mud to be dredged and disposed of and replaced by sea-dredged sand to provide the airport platform – then the world’s largest marine civil engineering project.
Consultant to Medway Ports Authority on long term evolution of the Medway, especially related to reclamation, spoil disposal and their relation to SSSI status.
Project Leader, LIP-2 & LIP-3 European Commission Research contract to study water and sediment exchanges at harbour mouths in the presence of a Current Deflecting Wall.
Co-developer with Partech Instruments Ltd of infra-red profiling siltmeter array spanning the range 0-50,000mg/l. Ditto, later more sophisticated instrument with Delft Hydraulics.
Technical Adviser to North Devon, Somerset and South Avon Coastal Group. Author of report on long term evolution of this coast.
Contributor, as adviser and contractor, to “Long Term Vision for the Scheldt” project. Provision of Sediview and profiling siltmeter data for design of EFOS/CDW system at entrance to Deurganckdok tidal basin in Antwerp.
Board Member, Renewable Energy Foundation (REF) Tidal Power Forum.
Adviser to CEFAS on prospective new nuclear power stations at Hinkley Point.
Adviser to Bristol Port Company on Bristol Channel Deep Sea Container Terminal.
Director and Shareholder in Balticon International, a Danish company using mobile plants of varying capacity to recycle contaminated terrestrial and marine waste minerals into primary products. The purified minerals can be used in a wide range of applications and the separated pollutants incinerated or carried to a containment area.
Recipient of Lifetime Achievement Award as “Distinguished Diplomate in Navigation Engineering” (Dist. D. NE) of the Academy of Coastal, Ocean, Port & Navigation Engineers of the American Society of Civil Engineers (Washington DC) for innovation, starting 1965, in Sediment Management Systems for the international port and shipping industry.
Recipient of Thomas Telford “Telford Premier Award” of the Institution of Civil Engineers for Outstanding Paper of the Year in respect of Kirby & Retière (2009) Comparing ecosystem response of Rance & Cardiff-Weston tidal power barrages published in Maritime Engineering.
1981‑1984: Dredging Working Group, British Ports Association, UK.
1986‑1989: Member of Sediment Working Party supervising and directing research on Severn Barrage Feasibility Project.
1986‑1989: Member of Intertidal Working Party supervising and directing research on Severn Barrage Feasibility Project.
1988– :Invited contributor to European Estuary Study Group.
1992–2010: Member of Ocean Resources Committee Society for Underwater Technology.
1997–2000: Member WG106 of SCOR (Scientific Committee for Ocean Research) of UNESCO on Muddy Coasts.
2003–2008: Chairman WG43 of PIANC “Minimising Harbour Siltation”. Report published 2008.
2007–2010: Member of International Expert Scientific Committee advising French government on project “Retablissement du caractere maritime du Mont-Saint-Michel” (Returning Mont-Saint-Michel to the sea) managed by Syndicat Mixte Baie du Mont-Saint-Michel.
2007– : Founding member of SeBAS “Severn Barrage Association of Supporters”
2009– : American Society of Civil Engineers –
i. Waterways Committee
ii. Nautical Depth Committee and Nautical Depth sub-Committee
Marine Geology and sedimentology; instrumentation; cohesive sediment behaviour; environmental impact; dredging; marine civil engineering; pollution, including radioactive waste disposal; coastal zone management, generic sediment management systems.
- Chartered Geologist
- Fellow of the Geological Society of London
- Institution of Civil Engineers
- American Society of Civil Engineers
Prentice, J.E., Kirby, R, et al. 1968 Sediment Transport in Estuarine Areas. Nature Vol. 218, No.5148, p1207‑1210.
Kirby, R. 1969 Sedimentary environments, sedimentary processes and river history in the Lower Medway Estuary, Kent. Ph.D.thesis, London University, 2 Vols, 491pp.
Eden, R.A., Small, A.V.F. & McQuillin, R. 1970 Preliminary report on marine geological and geophysical work off the east coast of Scotland 1966‑1968. Rep. No 70/1 Inst. Geol. Sci. (Section on unconsolidated sediments in Firth of Forth by R Kirby), 30p.
Anon., Hydrographic Department 1971 Professional paper No.20 (H (MO) 744/68), 59pp. (R Kirby co-author)
Kirby, R & Kelland, N.C. 1972 Adjacent Stable and Apparently Mobile Linear Sediment Ridges in the Southern North Sea. Nature (Physical Science) Vol 238, No.85, p111‑112.
Kirby, R. 1972 The UCS Vibrocorer, with evaluations of the Marex, Zenkovich, Geodoff and IGS Vibrocorers. Unit of Coastal Sedimentation No. UCS/10/1972, 32pp.
Kirby, R & Parker, W.R. 1972 Preliminary report of analyses of fluid muds from the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary. Unit of Coastal Sedimentation No. UCS/3/1972, 6pp.
Heath, G., Kirby, R., & Hamilton, D. 1972 The Severn Estuary and the Bristol Channel. An assessment of present knowledge. NERC Publication Series C, No.9, 19pp.
Deegan, C.E., Kirby, R., et al. 1973 The superficial deposits of the Firth of Clyde and its sea lochs. Report No. 73/9 Inst. Geol. Sci. (including section on the distribution, mode of occurrence and composition of authigenic ferro‑ manganese oxides by R Kirby), 42pp.
Kirby, R. 1973 The UCS Grain‑size Comparator Disc. Marine Geology, 14, pM11‑M14.
Kirby, R & Parker, W.R. 1973 Fluid mud in the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel and its relevance to Pollution Studies. Inst. Chem. Engrs., Graduates and Students Section Annual Symposium ‘Estuarine and Coastal Pollution’. A4, 14pp.
Kirby, R., Parker, W.R. & Hooper, D.J. 1973 The administration and technology of pollution investigations in UK estuaries. Report to Decca Survey Ltd, 130pp.
Sediment Science Ltd. 1974 Soil parameters and techniques for seabed engineering studies. Report to Decca Survey Ltd, 20pp.
Kirby, R. 1974 The recognition of original and induced internal structures in samples taken with vibratory seabed corers. NEL/SUT Conference, East Kilbride. April, Paper 15, p1‑16.
Kirby, R. & Parker, W.R. 1974 Seabed density measurements related to echo sounder records. Dock and Harbour Authority, Vol LIV, No. 641, p423-424.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1974 Studies of fluid mud in the Severn Estuary & Bristol Channel. Proceedings of the Challenger Society, 4, (6), p1‑6.
Kirby, R. & Oele, E. 1975 The geological history of the Sandettie‑Fairy Bank area Southern North Sea. Phil. Trans. R. Soc., London. Series A, p255‑265.
Kirby, R. 1975 Report on port and harbour dredging and research in the United Kingdom. IOS Internal Report, 25pp.
Kirby, R. & Parker, W.R. 1975 Sediment dynamics in the Severn Estuary: a background for studies of the effects of a Severn Barrage. In: Environmental effects of constructing a Severn Barrage, edited by T. Shaw, Bristol. University of Bristol Press, p35‑46.
Kirby, R. 1975 Fine sediment behaviour in the inner parts of estuaries. British Association for the Advancement of Science, Guildford 3/9/75. Published in Conference Proceedings, 8pp.
Oele, E. & Kirby, R. 1975 Effects of the Pleistocene glaciation in the southern bight of the North Sea. Geological Society of London. Symposium on ‘The Quarternary of the Continental Shelf around the British Isles’ 22/10/75. Unpublished lecture, extended abstract published in Quarternary Newsletter, 2pp.
Kirby, R. 1976 Practical applications of densimetry in dredging control. Discussion paper. First International Symposium on Dredging Technology, BHRA, p19‑21.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1976 Discussion of paper on Dredging in Alluvial Muds by L. Summers. Untitled paper on the use of echo sounders and densimeters for measuring seabed density. First International Symposium on Dredging Technology, BHRA, p38‑40.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1977 Fine sediment studies relevant to dredging practice and control. Second International Symposium on Dredging Technology. BHRA/Texas A and M Paper B2, p15‑25.
Kirby, R. & Parker, W.R. 1977 The physical characteristics and environmental significance of fine sediment suspensions in estuaries. Invited lecture. National Academy of Sciences/American Association for the Advancement of Science. Geophysics Research Board. Symposium on Estuaries, Geophysics and the Environment. Boston, Mass USA 21/2/76, NAS monograph, p110‑120.
Kirby, R & Parker, W.R. 1977 Ecological impact of cohesive sediment suspensions. Contribution to Seminar 6 ‘Ecological aspects of dredging’. 17th IAHR Conference. Baden‑Baden 17/8/77, 4pp.
Sediment Science Ltd. 1978 Scour Inhibitor Field Trials at Instow 27‑29/12/77, 4pp.
Kirby, R. 1978 The work and some geological implications of research at the Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Taunton. British Geologist, 5pp.
Kirby, R., Parker, W.R. & van Oostrum, W.H.A. 1979 Definition of the seabed in navigation routes through mud areas. International Hydrographic Technical Conference, Ottawa,12pp. Also by invitation: International Hydrographic Review. January, 1980. LVII (1), p107‑117.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1979. Observations of fine sediment behaviour. First International Symposium on Cohesive Sediments. EBSA Churchill College, Cambridge, UK, 30/7/79, p1‑10.
Van Oostrum, W.H.A., Kirby R. & Parker, W.R. 1980 Maintenance dredging in fluid mud areas. Third International Symposium on Dredging Technology BHRA, 7pp. Also by invitation: Terra et Aqua No.19, p20‑29.
Parker, W.R., Smith, T.J. & Kirby, R. 1980 Observation of density stratification due to suspended fine sediment. Second International Symposium on Stratified Flows, IAHR, Trondheim, Norway, p955‑966.
Kirby, R. & Parker, W.R. 1980 Settled mud deposits in Bridgwater Bay, Bristol Channel. IOS Report No.107, 65pp.
Smith, T.J., Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1980 Sedimentation studies relevant to low level radioactive effluent dispersal in the Irish Sea. Part I: Radionuclides in marine sediments. IOS Report No.110, 80pp.
Sediment Science Ltd. 1980 Report concerning circumstances relevant to the grounding of M.V. ‘La Falda’. Report to Richards, Butler [Solicitors], London, 5pp.
Sediment Science Ltd. 1981 An evaluation of survey conditions and navigability at Barranquilla, Columbia. Report to Richards, Butler [Solicitors], London, 7pp.
Sediment Science Ltd. 1981 Defining navigable depth in cohesive sediment areas. A basis for reducing costs in areas of fluff development and mud sedimentation. US Army Corps of Engineers Report, 88pp.
Williams, S.J., Kirby, R, Smith, T.J. & Parker, W.R. 1981 Sedimentation studies relevant to low level radioactive effluent dispersal in the Irish Sea. Part II: Seabed morphology, sediments and shallow sub-bottom stratigraphy of the Eastern Irish Sea. IOS Report No.120, 50pp.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1981 The behaviour of cohesive sediment in the inner Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary in relation to construction of the Severn Barrage. IOS Report No.117, 54pp.
Kirby, R. & Parker, W.R. 1982 A suspended sediment front in the Severn Estuary. Nature, Vol, 295, No. 5848, p396‑399.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1982 Sources and transport patterns of sediments in the inner Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary. Institution of Civil Engineers. Symposium on the Severn Barrage, October, 1981. Thomas Telford: “Severn Barrage”. Paper 18, p181‑194.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1982 Time dependent properties of cohesive sediment relevant to sedimentation management ‑ European Experience, Sixth Biennial International Estuarine Research Conference, Oregon, November, 1981. In: Kennedy V.S. [ed] Estuarine Comparisons, p573‑589.
Kirby, R. 1982 Effects of Capital Dredging in Loch Ryan 1978‑9. Preliminary Observations. Report to British Railways Board [Sealink UK Ltd], 4pp.
Kirby, R. 1982 Report to British Railways Board [Sealink UK Ltd] on the effects of Capital Dredging at Loch Ryan, 31pp.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1982 Contribution to discussion of “Aspects of sediment movement near to Bridgwater Bar, Bristol Channel”, in Proc. Inst. Civ. Engrs., Part 2, 1982, p1‑23.
Kirby, R. & Parker, W.R. 1983 The distribution and behaviour of fine sediment in the Severn Estuary and Inner Bristol Channel. “Dynamics of Turbid Coastal Environments”. Halifax, Nova Scotia, September 1981. Can J Fish Aquat Sci, Vol. 40, No.1, p83‑95.
Sediment Science Ltd. 1983 Trials with the Sediment Science Scour Inhibitor. A technique for alleviating scour, modifying underwater topography and providing alternative habitats, 23pp.
Kirby, R., Parker, W.R., Pentreath, R.J. & Lovett, M.B. 1983 Sedimentation studies relevant to low level radioactive effluent dispersal in the Irish Sea. Part III. An evaluation of possible mechanisms for the incorporation of radionuclides into marine sediments. IOS Report No.178, 66pp.
Kirby, R. 1984 The recent history of the Lower Medway salt marshes. Nature Conservancy Council/Liverpool University symposium on Spartina saltmarshes. NCC Chief Scientists Report No.5. Doody, P.[ed], p18‑20.
Parker, W.R. & Kirby, R. 1983 The search for solutions to mud siltation problems. 65th Anniversary of the German Association of Dredging Companies, Hamburg, 09.12.83, 4pp.
Kirby, R. 1984 An assessment of changes in the fine sediment regime associated with construction of a tidal power barrage near the Holms Islands in the Severn Estuary. Ravensrodd Consultants Report to Severn Tidal Power Group, 126pp.
Kirby, R. 1985 Opinion concerning likely sedimentation issues with a tidal power barrage located at English Stones in the Severn Estuary. Ravensrodd Consultants. Report to Severn Tidal Power Group, 73pp.
Kirby, R. 1985 Sea Dredged Tin from the Cornish Coast. Ravensrodd Consultants Report to Flextech plc., 6pp.
Kirby, R. 1985 Assessment of Dredgability of Tin‑Rich Tailings off N.W. Cornwall. Ravensrodd Consultants. Report to Flextech plc., 12pp.
Kirby, R. 1985 Preliminary Report on Continuous Vertical Density Profiles obtained in the hopper of the Dredger “Pacifique” 2‑3.12.84. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd. February 1985, 22pp. Report commissioned by Baggerwerken de Cloedt SA., Brussels, Belgium.
Kirby, R. 1986 Gravel and sand transport in Barnstaple Bay and the Taw‑Torridge Estuary and its relevance to coastal stability at Crow Point, Devon. Report to Planning Committee, Devon County Council, February, 64pp.
Kirby, R. 1986 Assessment of likelihood of successful outcome at future inquiry into sources for gravel extracted at Crow Point, Devon and recommendations for research programme to obtain definitive answers. Report to Planning Committee, Devon County Council, May, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 1986 Changes to the fine sediment regime in the Severn Estuary arising from two current barrage schemes. ICE/IEE Symposium on Tidal Power 30/31.10.86. Paper 11, p173‑186. Thomas Telford, London.
Kirby, R. 1986 Field measurement of cohesive sediment behaviour in estuaries. Symposium on Sedimentation Control to Reduce Maintenance Dredging in Estuaries. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. 8/10.7.86, p77‑93.
Kirby, R. 1986 Consequences of a Taff Barrage. Sedimentation engineering to create an alternative wader habitat in the Severn Estuary. Report to Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, 15 pp, September.
Kirby, R. 1986 Suspended fine cohesive sediment in the Severn Estuary and Inner Bristol Channel, UK. Report to ETSU No ETSU‑STP‑4042, 243pp.
Kirby, R. 1987 Optimisation of navigable depth and dredging efficiency in under‑consolidated mud areas. World Bank, 12pp.
Kirby, R. 1987 Sediment exchanges across coastal margins of North‑West Europe. Conference “Coastal Margins As Sediment Traps”. Journal of the Geological Society, Vol 144, Part 1, p121‑126.
Kirby, R. 1987 The ecological implications of possible changes in the sedimentological regime caused by a proposed Severn Barrage. Report to Severn Tidal Power Group, 73pp.
Kirby, R. 1987 Navigational consequences of changes to the sediment regime arising from barrage construction. In: Navigational Aspects of the Severn Barrage. The Nautical Institute, Bristol, 17.11.87, 6pp.
Kirby, R. 1987 Sediment issues to be assessed as a starting point to defining an Environmental Impact Assessment for a barrage in the Loughor Estuary. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd Report to Nature Conservancy Council, 4pp.
Kirby, R. 1988 Fluid mud layers in estuaries. Keynote Address. Symposium on Physical Processes in Estuaries. Springer‑Verlag, p463‑487.
Kirby, R. 1988 Spatial and temporal variations in the density structure of the load in the hoppers of two dredgers. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd. Report to Dragages De Cloedt, 25pp.
Kirby, R. 1988 Changes to the area of shorebird feeding grounds in Cardiff Bay arising from cessation of dredging in the Roath Approach Channel. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd Report to Nature Conservancy Council, 27pp.
Kirby, R. 1988 Sedimentological implications of building a tidal power barrage in the Severn Estuary. Proceedings of the Ussher Society.
Kirby, R. 1988 Prediction of Post‑Barrage Densities of Invertebrates and Shorebirds: Sediments. Report to ETSU. Report No. ETSU‑TID‑4061/406/4059, 34pp.
Kirby, R. 1988 The stability of intertidal mud flats and their relationship to long‑term sources and sinks for fine sediment: with particular reference to the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel. Report to Severn Tidal Power Group ref. STPG tasks S.1(iii)b and 3.7(i)a., 103pp.
Kirby, R. 1988 Development of a methodology to predict changes to tidal flat shapes arising from tidal power schemes. Report to Severn Tidal Power Group ref. STPG tasks S.1(iii)i1, 92pp.
Kirby, R. 1988 Sand encroachment onto Marine Drive, Instow arising from sand dunes owned by Christie Estates. Report to Devon County Council, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 1989 The fine sediment regime of Lake Okeechobee, Florida and its possible significance in phosphorus budgets and cycling. University of Florida, project report to South Florida Water Management District, 20pp.
Smith, T.J. & Kirby, R. 1989 Generation, stabilisation and dissipation of layered fine sediment suspensions. J. Coastal Research Special Publication No 5, p63‑73.
Kirby, R. 1989 A preliminary study of the possible environmental changes to West India Dock due to water and heat pumping. Report to Sulzer UK Ltd, 16pp.
Kirby, R. 1989 Sedimentological perspectives on an English Stones Barrage. Report to MRM Partnership (Bristol), 6pp.
Kirby, R. 1989 Tidal flat instability and fine‑grained sediment transport at Ardmillan Bay, Strangford Lough, in relation to Spartina eradication and oyster trestle burial. Report to DOE (NI), 255pp.
Kirby, R. 1989 Sediment problems arising from barrage construction in high energy regimes: an example from the Severn Estuary. Institution of Civil Engineers. Third Conference on Tidal Power. Thomas Telford, p233-244.
Kirby, R. 1989 Isle of Grain Port Review. An evaluation of a desk study (Report EX 1859) undertaken by Hydraulics Research. Report to Bertlin & Partners Consulting Engineers & Planners, 5pp.
Kirby, R. 1989 Evaluation of anomalously high summer turbidity values in the Elbe River close to Hamburg. Report to Hamburg Port Authority, 27pp.
Goss-Custard, J., McGrorty, S. & Kirby, R. 1990 Inshore birds of the soft coasts and sea level rise. Workshop on effects of sea‑level rise on coasts. Kluwer Academic Publishers, p189‑193.
Kirby, R. 1990 The sediment budget of the erosional intertidal zone of the Medway Estuary, Kent. Proc. Geol. Assoc., Vol 101, Part 1, p63‑77.
Kirby, R. 1990 Sedimentological consequences of the RSPB Living Waterfront scheme on Cardiff Bay and its approaches. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to NCC, 10pp.
Kirby, R. 1990 Supplementary Report: The sedimentary regime of Ardmillan Bay, Strangford Lough, Co. Down, Northern Ireland. Report to DOE (NI), 152pp.
Kirby, R. 1990 Reclamation impacts on the sedimentary environment of the Medway Estuary and their relevance to birds: the example of Lappel Bank. Report to RSPB and NCC, 27pp.
Kirby, R. 1990 Environmental application of waste flows from heat pumps and refrigeration units. Report to Sulzer Bros, 6pp.
Kirby, R. 1990 Issues raised by proposed capital dredge scheme in Lough Foyle. Report to W S Atkins and Londonderry Port Authority, 5pp.
Christiansen, H. & Kirby, R. 1991 Fluid mud intrusion and evaluation of a passive device to reduce mud deposition. CEDA-PIANC Conference, 14pp.
Goss-Custard, J.D., Warwick, R.M., Kirby, R., McGrorty, S., Clarke, T.T., Pearson, B., Rispin, E., le V. dit Durell, S.E.A., & Rosie, R. 1991 Towards predicting wading bird densities from predicted prey densities in a post-barrage Severn Estuary. J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 28, p1004-1026.
Kirby, R. 1991 Distinguishing features of layered muds deposited from shallow water high concentration suspensions. In: The Micro‑structure of Fine‑Grained Sediments ‑ From Mud to Shale. NSTL, Mississippi, USA, 1988 Springer‑Verlag (Berlin), p167-173.
Kirby, R. 1991 Sedimentary Changes Arising from a Second Severn Crossing. Report to Sir William Halcrow & Partners, 43pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 Medway Estuary: Potential for development in view of SSSI status. Report to Medway Ports Authority, 26pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 A preliminary study of the possible environmental changes to West India Dock due to water and heat pumping: final configuration. Report to Sulzer (UK) Ltd, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 The effects of a heat pump on the heat budget and water quality at West India Dock,Thames Estuary. Report to EC Harris Project Management, 119pp.
Kirby, R. & Land, J.M. 1991 The impact of dredging. A comparison of natural and man-made disturbances to cohesive sedimentary regimes. CEDA-PIANC Conference, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 Fill Management Study – Phase II. Sedimentological aspects of proposed extention to South Cheung Chau Marine Dump Site, Hong Kong. Report to Geotechnical Control Office, Civil Engineering Services Department, Hong Kong, 25pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 Evaluation of the applicability of Metha mud densification plant in Hamburg to Hong Kong sediments. Report to Geotechnical Control Office, Civil Engineering Services Department, Hong Kong, 8pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 Criteria to control operation of an air bubble curtain and to specify minimum surface area for effective cooling for a heat pump in West India Dock. Report to EC Harris Project Management,11pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 Specification for an air bubble installation at West India Dock, Report to E C Harris Project Management, 23pp.
Kirby, R. 1991 History of the Bridgwater Bay Mud Patch. Appendix 2 in STPG Report “Further Environmental and Energy Capture Work”, Sediment dynamics of Bridgwater Bay, p23-42.
Warwick, R.M., Goss-Custard, J.D., Kirby, R., George, C.L., Pope, N.D., & Rowden, A.A. 1991 Static and dynamic factors determining the community structure of estuarine macrobenthos in S W Britain: Why is the Severn Estuary different? J. Appl. Ecol. Vol 28, p329-345.
Kirby, R. 1991 Mud deposition in harbour entrances and at river bifurcations in the Elbe close to Hamburg. Report to Hamburg Port Authority, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Effects of sea level rise on muddy coastal margins. p313-334 in: Coastal & Estuarine Studies, Vol 40. Dynamics & exchanges in estuaries & the coastal zone. Editor D Prandle, Springer Verlag, 647pp.
Smith, T.J. & Kirby, R. 1992 Current Deflecting Wall. A report on its method of operation and design. Report to Delft Hydraulic Laboratory and Hamburg Port Authority, 17pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Detection and transport of high concentration suspensions. Keynote Address. International Conference on the Pearl River Estuary in the Surrounding Area of Macao, 17pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Effective “passive dredging” for marinas. Marina Management International, Sept/Dec, 7pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Knowledge and understanding of the operation of Current Deflecting Walls. Report of a design conference, June 1992. Hamburg Port Authority, 11pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Optimisation of the South Cheung Chau dump site and examination of alternative spoil disposal options. Report to Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Department, Government of Hong Kong.
Kirby, R. 1992 Hydrological and sedimentological regimes of waters around Hong Kong. Report to Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Department, Government of Hong Kong..
Kirby, R. 1992 Duty visit. Beaches of Lantau Island on 29.10.92. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to Geotechnical Engineering Office of Hong Kong Government. Agreement CE40/92, 5pp + figs.
Kirby, R. 1992 Hydrological & Sedimentological Regimes of waters around Hong Kong. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to Geotechnical Engineering Office of Hong Kong Government. Agreement CE40/92, 23pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Optimisation of the South Cheung Chau Dump Site. Examination of Alternative Spoil Disposal Options. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to Geotechnical Engineering Office of Hong Kong Government, 37pp.
Kirby, R. 1992 Management and Monitoring Strategy for the South Cheung Chau Dump Site. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to Geotechnical Engineering Office of Hong Kong Government, 24pp.
Kirby, R., Bleakley, R.J., Weatherup, S.T.C., Raven, P.J., & Donaldson, N.D. 1993 Effect of episodic events on tidal mud flat stability, Ardmillan Bay, Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland. Ed. A J Mehta. Coastal & Estuarine Studies No.42: ‘Nearshore and Estuarine Cohesive Sediment Transport’. American Geophysical Union, p378-392.
Kirby, R. 1993 Passive eco-friendly dredging system for harbour basins and channel bifurcations. World Dredging, Mining & Construction, 2pp.
Kirby, R. 1993 Some implications of muddy sediment regimes for coastal barrages and defence systems. University of Bristol short course programme in Water and Environmental Management. “Coastal Defence Systems”. 13-17.9.93, 12pp.
Kirby, R. 1993 Preliminary experience with a profiling siltmeter array accompanied by ADCP measurements at five localities in waters around Hong Kong. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to Geotechnical Engineering Office, Civil Engineering Dept., Hong Kong Government. Agreement CE40/92, 91pp.
Kirby, R. 1993 Transport paths and ultimate sinks of mobile high turbidity spoil phase losses from South Cheung Chau: A speculative assessment. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd report to Geotechnical Engineering Office, Hong Kong Government, under Agreement CE40/92, 6pp + figs.
Kirby, R. 1994 The evolution of the fine sediment regime of the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel. Proc. Symposium on Evolution and Change in the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol 51, No 1 & 2, p37-44.
Kirby, R. 1994 The Current Deflecting Wall: a passive and environmentally-friendly dredging system. WEDA 15, San Diego, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 1994 The long term evolution of the Lower Medway Estuary and its implications for an Estuary Management Plan. Report to Medway Estuary Commercial Users Group, 19pp.
Kirby, R., Hobbs, C.H., Mehta, A.J. 1994 Shallow stratigraphy of Lake Okeechobee, Florida. A preliminary reconnaissance. Journal of Coastal Research, Vol 10, No 2, p339-350.
Kirby, R. 1994 Sedimentation engineering techniques for environmentally-friendly dredging. J. Soc. for Underwater Technology, Vol 20, No.2, p16-24.
Kirby, R. 1994 Sediments, Two; Oysters, Nil. The case histories of two legal disputes concerning fine sediment and oysters. Jnl. Coast. Res. Vol 10, No 2, p466-487.
Land, J., & Kirby R. 1994 Recent innovations in combined ADCP and profiling siltmeters for suspended solids monitoring. Fourth Nearshore & Estuarine Cohesive Sediment Transport Conference, “Intercoh 94”, 10pp.
Winterwerp, H.C., Christiansen, H., Eysink, W.D, Kirby, R. & Smith, T.J. 1994 The Current Deflecting Wall: a device to minimise harbour siltation. Dock & Harbour Authority, March/April, p243-246.
Kirby, R. 1995 Report on pre-dredge survey of bed density structure under the VSEL shiplift in the Trident submarine yard, Barrow-in-Furness, 7pp.
Kirby, R. 1995 Empirical, Theoretical and Physical Model Studies of Tidal Flat Morphology. Abstract for Seminar 3 Morphology of Rivers, Estuaries & Coasts. IAHR Congress “Hydra 2000”. London 11-16th September, 7pp.
Kirby, R. 1995 Tidal Flat Regeneration – a beneficial use of muddy dredge material. “Dredging Benefits” – 14th World Dredging Congress, Amsterdam, p319-332.
GKSS, DRL, RCL. 1995 Report on the results of monitoring dredged material transport from the Ness Sand Disposal Site using an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler and a Vertical Profiling Siltmeter Array. Report to Port of Hamburg Authority, 20pp plus 21 figures.
Kirby, R. 1995 Perspectives on Revetment at Putsborough, N.Devon and sediment regime in Morte Bay. Report to Montgomery Watson Ltd, 40pp.
Kirby, R. 1995 Coastal Processes and Functioning of the Medway Estuary. Guidance Notes for Seminar 4.10.95. Medway Ports Ltd, 6pp.
Kirby. R. 1995 Avro Manchester. The Legend behind the Lancaster. Midland Publications Ltd, 210pp.
Mehta, A.J. & Kirby R. 1996 Mitigation measures for eroding muddy shores. N. American Water & Environment Congress ’96. Restoration of Tidal Wetlands. “Muddy Coast Shoreline Mitigation Measures”, Anaheim, California, 6pp.
Kirby, R. 1996 Hartland Point to Brean Down: Summary of Existing Knowledge of Coastal Trends and Stability. Report to North Devon, Somerset & South Avon Coastal Group, 152pp.
Kirby, R. 1996 Dredge Material Disposal Monitoring from a site off Tinsdal on the north side of the Elbe using an ADCP and high range profiling siltmeter. Report to Hamburg Port Authority, 11pp.
Kirby, R. 1996 The long term sedimentary regime of the outer Medway Estuary. Report to Sheerness Ports Ltd, 17pp.
Mehta, A.J., Kirby R. & Lee S-C. 1996 Some observations on mudshore dynamics and stability. Coastal & Oceanographic Engineering Dept, University of Florida. Report No. UFL/COEL/MP-96/1 to US Army Corps of Engineers, 65pp.
Kirby, R. 1996 Beneficial uses of fine-grained dredged material. Port Engineering Management, Vol 14, No.4, p32-35.
Kirby, R. 1996 Passive Sediment Management Systems: An evaluation of the Current Deflecting Wall. Port Engineering Management.
Kirby, R. 1996 Environmental consequences of tidal power in a hypertidal muddy regime. Ecological problems associated with tidal power management. 30th anniversary of La Rance Tidal Power Station, Dinard, France.
Kirby, R. 1997 New management concepts for muddy shores. Journal of the Institution of Water and Environmental Management, 6pp.
Kirby, R. & Warwick, R.M. 1997 Response to English Nature draft Basis for Selection Document “The Scientific Interest of the Severn Estuary/Môr Hafren pSAC”. Report to Bristol Ports Co, 34pp.
Kirby, R., Ibrahim, A.A., Lee, S-C., Kassim, M,K.Hj., & Christiansen, H. 1997 Environmentally-friendly sediment management systems. AEDA 2nd Asian and Australian Ports & Harbours Conference, Ho Chi Minh City. p114-129. “Developing & maintaining operational ports and harbours into the 21st Century”.
Kirby, R. 1997 Modern Approaches to Reducing Dredging Need and Monitoring their Effects: Passive Dredging Systems and ADCPs. Copenhagen Waste & Water, 1997, Copenhagen.
Mehta, A.J., Kirby, R., Stuck, J.D, Jiang, J & Parchure, T.M. 1997 Erodibility of organic-rich sediments: A Florida perspective. Report No UFL/COEL/MP-97/01 to US Army Corps of Engineers, 132pp.
Mehta, A.M., Rodriguez, H.N. & Kirby, R., 1997 An assessment of muddy coast dynamics and stability.ASCE Task Committee, 31pp.
DRL/RCL/GKSS 1997 Monitoring of Water Injection Dredging in the Köhlfleet Basin, Port of Hamburg, October-November 1997. Report No. 167, EU 1097-1, 12pp + figures.
McLaren, P. & Kirby, R. 1997 Barnstaple Bay to Bideford Bay Shoreline Management Group. The Sediment Transport Regime of Barnstaple Bay and its Environs: Implications for Shoreline Management. GeoSea Consultants Ltd., 21pp + 4 apps.
Kirby, R. 1998 Information available to tenderers, 30.7.93, related to anticipated siltation problems during construction and operation of an amenity barrage at Cardiff Bay, S. Wales. Report to Company Solicitor, Balfour Beatty, 59pp.
Kirby, R. 1998 Source of mud pebbles and mud slurry input to construction works at Cardiff Bay Barrage. Review of Blackdown Consultants Ltd investigation on behalf of Dredging International, 7pp.
Kirby, R., Warwick, R.M. & Henderson, P. 1998 Severn Estuary and Inner Bristol Channel pSAC: An Alternative Proposal on behalf of the Port of Bristol Authority, 21pp.
Kirby, R. 1999 Study of the design and operation of Current Deflecting Walls to reduce siltation in harbours. Contributors: R.A. Crowder, B. Hofland, S. van Leeuwen, R. Kirby, H. Christiansen, R.A.Falconer, T.J. Smith, J.C. Winterwerp. End of Programme Workshop, European Union TMR-LSF, LIP-III, 14pp.
Kirby, R. 1999 Sediment Management Systems to Minimise Dredging Need. Transportation Research Board, Marine Transportation System, R & D Co-ordination Conference “Applying Technology in our Ports, Waterways & Intermodal Connectors”. Interagency Committee on Waterways Management, Washington DC, 4-6 November 1999.
Crowder, R.A., Smith, T.J., Christiansen, H., Winterwerp, J.C., Kirby, R., Falconer, R.A., Schwarze, H. 2000 Flow control in the entrance to river harbours and embayments. Journal of Hydraulic Research, LIP-II project.
Kirby, R. 2000 Approaches to Integrated Muddy Coast Management. Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Second Edition, p59-64.
Kirby, R. 2000 Near and Far Field Design Criteria for Optimised Harbour Basins: Lessons from Experience with Current Deflecting Walls. PIANC/ICE 17.10.2000 Conference “Harbours – site selection and layout”.
Crowder, R.A., Falconer, R.A., & Kirby, R. 2000 Model study to reduce siltation in harbours using Current Deflecting Walls. In: Computer Modelling of Coasts and Coastal Regions. Proc.Coastal Engineering.
Smith, T.J., Kirby, R. & Christiansen, H. 2000 The use of entrance flow control to reduce siltation in tidal basins. In: Coastal & Estuarine Fine Sediment Processes. W.H. McAnally & A.J. Mehta (Eds). Elsevier, p459-484.
Crowder, R.A., Kirby, R., et al. 2000 Flow control in the entrance to river harbours, embayments and irrigation canals. Journal of Hydraulic Research.
Kirby, R. 2000 Practical Implications of Tidal Flat Shape. Continental Shelf Research. Special Issue. Intertidal Mudflats: Properties & Processes, Vol.20, p1061-1077.
Mehta, A.M. & Kirby, R. 2001 Muddy Coast Dynamics and Stability. ASCE Task Committee, Special Issue 27 “Tidal Wetland Restoration: Physical & Ecological Processes”. CERF, p121-156.
Kirby, R. 2001 Harbour basin optimisation: A win, win, win opportunity. Dredging & Port Construction. January 2001, p18-20.
Hofland, B., Christiansen, H., Crowder, R.A., Kirby, R., van Leeuwen, C.W. & Winterwerp, J.C. 2002 The Current Deflecting Wall in an Estuarine Harbour. Proc XXIV IAHR Congress, Beijing, 2002 p242-250.
Kirby, R. 2002 Distinguishing accretion and erosion-dominated muddy coasts. An International Senckenberg Conference, Wilhelmshaven, Germany. ScientificCommittee on Ocean Research (SCOR). p61-81 In: Muddy Coasts of the World: Deposits and Function. Eds. T.Healy, Y.Wang & J-A. Healy, Elsevier Science.
Kirby, R. 2002 Sources, Sinks and Circulation of Sediment in Barnstaple Bay, N. Devon. Proof of Evidence. Devon County Minerals Local Plan. Evidence on behalf of North Devon & Somerset Shoreline Management Group, 65pp.
Land, J.M. & Kirby, R. 2002 Sediview Survey in the Cedar and Ortega Rivers, Jacksonville, Florida. November 2000. Dredging Research Ltd and Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd Report No. DRL.253.US.0101-1 to Civil and Coastal Engineering Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, 16pp.
Kirby R. 2002 Appendix to: Sediview Survey in the Cedar & Ortega Rivers, Jacksonville, Florida, Calibration Data & Cruise Report, November 2000. Report by Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd,12pp + figs.
Long, A.J., Dix, J.K., Kirby, R., Lloyd Jones, D., Roberts, D.H., Croudace, I.W., Cundy, A.B., Roberts A., Shennan, I. 2002 The Holocene and Recent Evolution of Bridgwater Bay and The Somerset Levels. Universities of Durham & Southampton report to the North Devon & Somerset Shoreline Management Group, 63pp + figs.
Kirby, R. 2002 Optimised Harbour Basins. Dredging ’02 COPRI/ASCE 3rd Speciality Conference on Dredging & Dredged Material Disposal. Orlando, Florida 6/8th May 2002, p1-15.
Kirby, R. 2002 Minimising Harbour Siltation. 30th World Congress. International Navigation Association/PIANC. Sydney, Australia, 12pp.
Kirby, R. 2003 Organic-rich fine sediments in Florida. Part 1: Sources & Nature. Report to US Army Corps of Engineers. 44pp. Ditto p147-166 in “Estuarine & Coastal Fine Sediment Dynamics”, Eds. Maa J.P-Y, Sanford LP and Schoellhamer DH. Elsevier. Proceedings in Marine Science Vol 8, 525pp. Proceedings 2003 INTERCOH Conference, VIMS, Virginia, USA.
Kirby, R., Henderson P.A. & Warwick R.M. 2004 The Severn, UK: Why is the estuary different? Proceedings of the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology, Part C2. Journal of Marine Science and Environment, p3-17.
Kirby, R. & Shaw T.L. 2004 Severn Barrage – Environmental Reappraisal. Institute of Civil Engineers. Paper P13810 “Engineering Sustainability”, p31-39.
Mehta, A.J., Kirby, R. & Hayter, E. 2004 Minimum Flows & Levels in the Upper St Johns River, Florida. Interim Report to St Johns River Water Management District.
Kirby, R. 2004 The Bristol Channel Container Terminal. Commercial in Confidence Report to The Bristol Port Company, 11pp.
Foresight Marine Panel 2005 The potential for “Wet” Renewables (wind, wave and tidal current) to aid Coast Protection. A report based on the Bridgwater Bay situation. 76pp + Appendices A, B & C. (R Kirby was a co-author).
Kirby, R. 2006 High range, high speed vertical profiling of silt, salinity and temperature in the Scheldt Estuary near Antwerp, 16 – 18 February 2005. Report to IMDC and Vlaanders Regional Government, Belgium. June 2006.
Kirby, R. 2006 Expert Overview – Decommissioning Hinkley A Power Station. ABP report to Jacobs Babtie. Long term evolution of Somerset Coast at Hinkley Point. Ditto, The coastal geology of the Hinkley Point nuclear power station site. British Geological Survey. Marine Coastal & Hydrocarbons Programme. Commissioned Report CR/106/116.
Kirby, R. 2006 Contribution to Feasibility Study – Incorporating Dredged Material Within Polders at Rumney Great Wharf, Severn Estuary. Atkins report Assignment No. AT/WA/00348 to the Environment Agency, 40pp.
Kirby, R. 2006 Sediview and high range siltmeter profiling measurements in the approaches and entrance to the Botlek Basin, Port of Rotterdam, Rhine Estuary as input to new fluid mud transport model. Sub-contract to Delft Hydraulics, funded by Netherlands Technical Science Foundation. Student Michel de Nijs, 15pp.
Kirby, R. 2007 Contribution to ASCE Task Committee on Management of Fluid Mud, 2005. “Management of Fluid Mud in Estuaries, Bays & Lakes”. Part 2 “Measurement, Modeling & Management”. Commissioned by the Committee on Tidal Hydraulics of the Environmental & Water Resources Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol.133, p23-38..
Kirby, R. 2008 Would building a Cardiff-Weston barrage induce an environmental catastrophe? Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd. Illustrated note for private circulation.
Kirby, R. 2008 Fate of fine cohesive sediment produced by dredging and disposal from construction of the Bristol Deep Sea Container Terminal. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd. Report to The Bristol Port Company, 15pp.
Kirby, R., Wurpts, R. & Greiser, N. 2008 Emerging concepts for managing fine cohesive sediment. p1-15 In: Sediment and Ecohydraulics – Intercoh 2005. Proceedings in Marine Science 9. T Kusuda, H Yamanishi, J Spearman and JZ Gailani (editors), Elsevier, 502pp.
Kirby, J.R., & Kirby, R. 2008 Medium timescale stability of tidal mudflats in Bridgwater Bay, Bristol Channel, UK: Influence of tides, waves and climate. Continental Shelf Research, 28, p2615-2629.
PIANC 2008 Minimising Harbour Siltation. PIANC Report No 102, 75pp (Chairman R Kirby).
Kirby, R. & Retière, C. 2009 Comparing environmental effects of Rance and Severn barrages. Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers, Maritime Engineering, 162, March 2009, MAI, p11-26.
Kirby, R. 2010 Fine sediment regime of the Severn Estuary: Distribution, Transport and Exchanges. Marine Pollution Bulletin – Special Edition on Severn Estuary, Vol 61, Issue 1-3.
Kirby, R. 2010 Minimising Harbour Siltation – The Economic Environmental Future of Ports. PORTS 2010, Jacksonville, USA, April 2010. Proceedings on disk.
Kirby, R. 2010 Recent Trends in the Application of Generic Sediment Management Systems. PIANC World Congress MMX, Liverpool, May 2010. Proceedings on disk.
Kirby, R. 2010 Hinkley Point sediment transport: potential impacts of new structures. Ravensrodd Consultants Ltd Report to Cefas, 46pp.
Kirby, R. 2011 Minimising Harbour Siltation. Findings of PIANC WG43. Keynote Address 10th International Conference on Cohesive Sediment Transport, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Proceedings of Intercoh 09. Ocean Dynamics, Vol 61, No.2-3, p233-244, Springer.
Kirby, R. 2011 Implications of setting back sea defences at Kingston Seymour to create salt marsh habitat. Report for North Somerset Council, 7pp.
Kirby, R. & McAnally, W.H. 2012 Today’s Sediment Management Technologies. Paper for PIANC Smart Rivers Conference, September 2011, New Orleans, published in “Inland Ports”, p13-17..
Kirby, R. (In Press) Long Term Sedimentary Regime of the Outer Medway Estuary and its implications for Management. (Proceedings of ESCA Conference “South Coast Estuaries”). Ocean & Coastal Management, Elsevier.
Kirby, R. (In Press) Managing Industrialised Coastal Fine Sediment Systems. Commissioned Introductory Chapter. Ocean & Coastal Management, Elsevier.